1. Recent Articles

    1. Ancient foodies: Study reveals dietary preferences of Jordan Valley early humans

      Ancient foodies: Study reveals dietary preferences of Jordan Valley early humans

      It’s not quite gefilte fish or foie gras — but it’s close.

      According to new research in Israel and the United States, ancient humans around the Sea of Galilee could have opted for a varied diet of fish and birds, but mostly went for carp and geese.

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    2. Charity, not crime, rises when natural disaster strikes - ISRAEL21c

      Charity, not crime, rises when natural disaster strikes - ISRAEL21c

      Widespread looting and chaos are the sort of scenes we’d expect to see in the wake of major disasters, but recent Israeli research has determined that communities impacted by natural disasters actually experience a decrease in crime.

      The study, conducted by researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, examined data from 10,000 natural disasters of differing scopes that struck the United States from 2004 to 2015 and resulted in the deaths of 8,300 people and damage worth more than $100 billion.

      They compared the data between communities that were directly affected with that of communities that had ...

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      Mentions: Humanities
    3. Prof. Eli Keshet to be awarded Israel Prize in life sciences

      Prof. Eli Keshet to be awarded Israel Prize in life sciences

      Prof. Eli Keshet is to be awarded the Israel Prize in life sciences this year for his contributions to the development of treatments for a wide range of diseases, Education Minister Yoav Gallant announced on Thursday.

      Keshet, a professor of molecular biology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's medical school, was awarded the prestigious prize for his “pioneering contribution” to understanding the mechanism in which conditions of an oxygen shortage prompt the growth of new blood vessels. This process has “far-reaching effects on the development of many diseases such retinal diseases and cancer,” said the prize committee.

       The prize ...
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    4. Biopsies can be replaced with simple blood tests, Hebrew U. research find

      Biopsies can be replaced with simple blood tests, Hebrew U. research find

      A new blood testing method is being developed that could pinpoint cancer presence, especially at early stages, autoimmune diseases, infections, and lung and heart problems. The beauty of it is that it doesn't require a biopsy, which can often be invasive and painful.

      The new method was presented and published in a study in the Nature Biotechnology journal, and was developed in the lab of Hebrew University Prof. Nir Friedman, from the Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, and the Rachel and Selim Benin School of Computer Science and Engineering, and Dr. Ronen Sadeh, at the university's Grass ...

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      Mentions: Medicine/Health
    5. Prof. Yair Zakovitch to receive Israel Prize in Bible Studies

      Prof. Yair Zakovitch to receive Israel Prize in Bible Studies

      Prof. Yair Zakovitch of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem was announced as the recipient of the Israel Prize in Bible Studies on Tuesday, by Education Minister Yoav Gallant.

      “Yair Zakovitch is one of the most original biblical scholars in Israel and around the world. In his works he explored the literary aspects of the Bible, and the intra-biblical interpretation and the evolution after the Bible,” said the Israel Prize Committee in its decision.

      “In his essays he developed a special method for identifying interrelationships between the books of the Bible, through word games and weaving motifs,” added the committee. “He ...

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      Mentions: Bible Humanities
    6. One of the oldest mosques in the world uncovered in Tiberias

      One of the oldest mosques in the world uncovered in Tiberias

      Archaeologists have determined that foundations found beneath an ancient mosque in Tiberias are from an even older mosque, making it one of the oldest such buildings available for excavation in the world, the Hebrew University said.

      The unusual manner in which the earlier structure was built enabled archaeologist Katia Cytryn-Silverman to determine that it was likely constructed during the seventh century CE.

      Cytryn-Silverman, of the Hebrew University, said it is the oldest mosque in the world that can be excavated. Other ancient mosques are either still being used or have had other mosques built on top of them, hindering research ...

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    7. 2020 started with murder hornets, ends with new species of wild bee

      2020 started with murder hornets, ends with new species of wild bee

      A year that featured murder hornets is ending off with more positive insect news, as a new species of wild bee was discovered right as its natural habitat was being rehabilitated north of Netanya.

       Scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem announced on Tuesday that they had discovered a new species of wild bee while researching the effects of restoration efforts of a rare habitat in the Sharon region on bee populations. The findings were published in November in the scientific journal Belgian Journal of Entomology.

      The researchers say they believe that the species is likely unique to the sands ...

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    8. Stormy weather ahead: pollution found to cause fierce gales in coastal cities

      Stormy weather ahead: pollution found to cause fierce gales in coastal cities

      A combination of city-generated heat and pollution in tropical coastal cities has been found to significantly increase precipitation in those cities. These results were reported last week by American scientists. Their study looked into factors causing the intensification of storms hitting Houston, Texas, which lies in the most tropical area in the U.S. According to Prof. Daniel Rosenfeld from the Hebrew University, who participated in the study, this combination apparently causes more fierce storms along the coastal plain in Israel as well, although to a lesser extent than in tropical regions.

       Climate scientists noticed a long time ago that ...
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    9. Ancient oil lamp workshop, now at Israel Museum, shows the way we once lit

      Ancient oil lamp workshop, now at Israel Museum, shows the way we once lit

      A complete rare, early Islamic-era oil lamp workshop from ancient Tiberias on the shores of the Sea of Galilee has gone on display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

      Ten complete lamp molds, a kiln, and several intact, unused oil lamps dating from circa the mid-7th century to the 11th century were found under debris from a series of earthquakes during excavations this summer, conducted by the Hebrew University Institute for Archaeology’s Israel Archaeological Services.

      The complete assemblage of the workshop offers “a rare glimpse into work processes in our area in ancient times,” said Liza Lurie, the Israel ...

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    10. Israeli researchers discover how to lengthen life of solar panels

      Israeli researchers discover how to lengthen life of solar panels
      In a move toward upgrading solar power technologies, a team of Israeli researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has developed an eco-friendly way to lengthen the lifespan of perovskite-based solar cells.
      The researchers designed a new structure to hold the cells, which allows for the easy removal and replacement of perovskite, a light-sensitive material that degrades over time. The process allows for the full restoration of a panel’s photovoltaic capacities and essentially enables it to be recycled.
      Perovskite is a mineral structure that has the capacity to absorb light and is used as a semiconductor. The growing field ...
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    11. One llama’s antibodies, analyzed in Jerusalem, may help ‘millions’ through COVID

      One llama’s antibodies, analyzed in Jerusalem, may help ‘millions’ through COVID

      Antibodies from a single llama that were analyzed in a Jerusalem lab could be replicated and help “millions” of coronavirus patients, scientists say.

      Dina Schneidman-Duhovny of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has examined the qualities of dozens of antibodies from a llama called Wally, and identified which would best fight the coronavirus in humans.

      The best candidates have been tested in vitro by her US-based colleagues with live coronavirus and human cells, and appear to significantly reduce the virus’s ability to infect cells.

      As the llama antibodies are much smaller than human antibodies — they are often dubbed “nanobodies” — they ...

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      Mentions: Medicine/Health
    12. Glowing engineered bacteria point out explosive landmines

      Glowing engineered bacteria point out explosive landmines

      Researchers who discovered how to utilize fluorescent E. coli bacteria to locate landmines have recently further mutated them so that they are now both more sensitive and emit a glow visible to the naked eye, eliminating the need to scan the ground using laser light beams.

      In 2017, researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem molecularly engineered E. coli to emit a fluorescent light upon coming in contact with explosive vapors accumulated in the soil above landmines. This light was recorded using a laser-based scanning system so the mines could be located safely from afar.

      Now, in a study published ...

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    13. Climate research multidisciplinary center opens at Hebrew U.

      Climate research multidisciplinary center opens at Hebrew U.
      The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, which considers climate issues as some of the most significant scientific problems the world currently faces, established a climate research center, the Hebrew University Center for Climate Science (HUCS).
       
      The new center, headed by the two researchers Prof. Hezi Gildor and Dr. Uri Adam, will make it possible to deal with the challenges of the climate crisis in the Middle East region. The center's members will focus on building an up-to-date and accurate regional climate model.
       
      The center will allow ideas, research and interdisciplinary brainstorming around the climate issue to collaborate with the Meteorological ...
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    14. Could octopuses have more than one brain? - Hebrew U. study

      Could octopuses have more than one brain? - Hebrew U. study

      A new Hebrew University study recently examined the possibility that octopuses, known to be among the most intelligent of invertebrates, could have multiple brains.

      The full intelligence of an octopus is not fully understood, however it is known that they have the largest nervous system among invertebrates – even larger than some vertebrates – with more nerve cells not in the brain itself but rather in its body and the tentacles.
      The question of multiple brains is one that many researchers are still investigating. 
      The collection of sensory information and the ability to process it, learn from it and respond accordingly, is ...
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  2. AFHU Blog

    1. Bonus Time? Better Hope the Boss is NOT Your Friend, Study Finds

      Bonus Time? Better Hope the Boss is NOT Your Friend, Study Finds

      A manager has to give a bonus to one of two equally deserving employees, one of whom is his friend. A judge in a high school debating competition has to decide which of two finalists to vote for, one of whom is a student from her alma mater. A coach has to decide which of two players should start in the championship game, one of whom is the coach's niece. It is well known that people show favoritism toward those close to them, such as family, friends, or in-group members. 

      However, a recent study published in the Journal of ...

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      Mentions: Humanities
    2. Hebrew University Researchers Discover Promising Treatment for Aggressive Brain Tumors

      Hebrew University Researchers Discover Promising Treatment for Aggressive Brain Tumors

      Glioblastoma is a serious and incurable brain cancer. Patients who receive this diagnosis typically have 11-20 months to live. One of the main difficulties in treating this cancer is that its cells quickly build up a resistance to chemotherapy. In the upcoming issue of Nucleic Acids Research, Professor Rotem Karni and his team at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Institute for Medical Research share promising results for a new glioblastoma treatment with the potential to improve and extend patients’ lives.

      As part of their research, Karni and PhD student Maxim Mogilevsky designed a molecule that inhibits glioblastoma tumor growth ...

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    3. See all AFHU Blog articles
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    Bonus Time? Better Hope the Boss is NOT Your Friend, Study Finds Hebrew University Researchers Discover Promising Treatment for Aggressive Brain Tumors Ancient foodies: Study reveals dietary preferences of Jordan Valley early humans Charity, not crime, rises when natural disaster strikes - ISRAEL21c Prof. Eli Keshet to be awarded Israel Prize in life sciences Biopsies can be replaced with simple blood tests, Hebrew U. research find Prof. Yair Zakovitch to receive Israel Prize in Bible Studies One of the oldest mosques in the world uncovered in Tiberias 2020 started with murder hornets, ends with new species of wild bee Stormy weather ahead: pollution found to cause fierce gales in coastal cities Ancient oil lamp workshop, now at Israel Museum, shows the way we once lit Israeli researchers discover how to lengthen life of solar panels
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